Coronavirus (COVID-19) Update   Read More

Gingivitis Symptoms and How to Get Rid of Gum Disease

Gingivitis is the most common type of gum disease. It is rare in children but often starts during puberty or early adulthood and can come and go throughout life.

As many as 70 per cent to 90 per cent of adults in the U.S. have gingivitis. In most people, it is caused by a buildup of plaque on the teeth and gumline. It is usually treatable and can be prevented using natural remedies and proper oral hygiene.

What Is Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is swelling or inflammation of the gums. It is classified by how it looks, its cause, and how long it lasts. Different types of gingivitis include:

  • Ulcerative
  • Hemorrhagic
  • Necrotizing
  • Purulent
  • Drug-induced
  • Hormonal
  • Nutritional
  • Infectious
  • Plaque-induced
  • Acute (short-term)
  • Chronic (long-term)

Most people have a long-term case of gingivitis caused by plaque. This means that bacteria aren’t properly cleared from the mouth. The bacteria build up over time and starts to irritate and inflame the gums. When plaque and poor hygiene are the problems, the condition can lead to inflammatory gingival enlargement or gingival hyperplasia — meaning swelling or overgrowth of the gums. Other types of gingival enlargement are caused by medication, health conditions, hormone imbalances or rare genetic conditions.

Gingivitis starts with mild swelling but can worsen over time, causing lesions, mouth pain, tooth loss and other signs of advanced gum disease.

The progression of periodontal disease is:

Gingivitis — gums are red, swollen, and bleed easily.
Periodontal pockets — plaque begins to form below the gum line, gums recede, and pockets form.
Periodontitis — The chronic presence of plaque, tartar, and attending bacterial infection destroys the gum and bone structure that supports the teeth. It may result in them becoming loose and needing removal.

Is gingivitis contagious?

Yes and no. According to the American Academy of Periodontology, the bacteria that cause gingivitis can be spread by kissing, sharing utensils, or exchanging saliva. However, actually developing gingivitis depends on additional factors, such as how well you clean your teeth. They recommend not sharing toothbrushes or eating utensils with someone who has signs of gum disease.

To see the original infographic, click here.


Note: All content and media on the Elevate Dental Richmond website and social media channels are created and published online for informational purposes only. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice and should not be relied on as health or personal advice.


Related Articles

Love Your Smile

Love Your Smile

Valentine’s Day gives us an extraordinary chance to be close to someone we care about. If you don’t love your smile…

read more

James Wong is a wonderful Dentist. The communication and patience through the procedure was first class.

James B


Ready to get started?

Just fill in this form and we will be in touch

James Wong is a wonderful Dentist. The communication and patience through the procedure was first class.

James B


What a professional and friendly team at Elevate Dental Richmond. Dr Judith’s infectious smile is matched only by her highly competent dentistry.
Richmond is lucky to have such a caring practice! Thanks guys.

Peter O


Elevating the Smile You Love Webinar

Thinking of elevating your smile but not sure what to expect? Watch this webinar as Dr Judith Ong takes you through 3 patients’ smiles she transformed right here in Melbourne

You have Successfully Subscribed!

Download Free Price List

Please enter your email so we can send you the price list in the next few minutes.

You have Successfully Subscribed!