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Gum Disease

Gum disease is an infection of the tissues surrounding and supporting your teeth. It is a significant cause of tooth loss in adults. Because gum disease is usually painless, you may not know you have it. You are also referred to as a periodontal disease; gum disease is caused by plaque, the sticky film of bacteria constantly forming on our teeth.

Here are some warning signs that can signal a problem:

  • gums that bleed easily
  • red, swollen, tender gums
  • gums that have pulled away from the teeth
  • persistent bad breath or bad taste
  • permanent teeth that are loose or separating
  • any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
  • any change in the fit of partial dentures

Some factors increase the risk of developing gum disease. They are:

  • poor oral hygiene
  • smoking or chewing tobacco
  • genetics
  • crooked teeth that are hard to keep clean
  • pregnancy
  • diabetes
  • medications, including steroids, certain types of anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, some calcium channel blockers and oral contraceptives

See your dentist if you suspect gum disease because the sooner you treat it, the better. The early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. If you have gingivitis, your gums may quickly become red, swollen, and bleed. At this stage, the condition is still reversible and can usually be eliminated by a professional cleaning at your dental office, followed by daily brushing and flossing.

Advanced gum disease is called periodontitis. Chronic periodontitis affects 47.2% of adults over 30 in the United States. It can lead to the loss of tissue and bone that support the teeth, becoming more severe over time. If it does, your teeth will feel loose and start moving around in your mouth. This is the most common form of periodontitis in adults but can occur at any age. It usually gets worse slowly, but there can be periods of rapid progression.

Aggressive periodontitis is a highly destructive form of periodontal disease in otherwise healthy patients. Standard features include rapid loss of tissue and bone and may occur in some areas of the mouth or the entire mouth.

Research between systemic diseases and periodontal diseases is ongoing. While a link is not conclusive, some studies indicate that severe gum disease may be associated with other health conditions such as diabetes or stroke.

It is possible to have gum disease and have no warning signs. That is one reason why regular dental checkups and periodontal examinations are essential. Treatment methods depend upon the type of disease and how far the condition has progressed. Good dental care at home is necessary to help keep periodontal disease from becoming more severe or recurring.

Remember: You don’t have to lose teeth to gum disease. Brush your teeth twice a day, clean between your teeth daily, eat a balanced diet, and schedule regular dental visits for a lifetime of healthy smiles.

To read the original article, click here.

 

Note: All content and media on the Elevate Dental Richmond website and social media channels are created and published online for informational purposes only. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice and should not be relied on as health or personal advice.

 

 

Services we mentioned:

General Dentistry

Dental Checkups

 

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James Wong is a wonderful Dentist. The communication and patience through the procedure was first class.

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